Translation techniques of manual text


  • Dwi Indarti Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika



translation study, translation techniques, manual text


Background: Translators often deal with various types of texts, such as academic texts, journalistic texts, subtitle texts, legal texts, speech texts, literary texts, and manual texts. Manual text could be one of many interesting subjects of research in translation field. Translating manual text should follow the principles, such as communicative, short, concise, easy to read, reader-oriented, and natural in target language.

Purpose: This study examines the translation technique of 12 excerpt of Cosmos oven manual text in the form of phrases, clauses, and sentences translated from English into Indonesia.

Design and Method: This study uses 18 translation techniques to analyze the data that was taken from Cosmos oven manual text.

Results: The results of the study showed that there are five translation techniques found in Cosmos oven manual texts: amplification (30%), modulation (27%), reduction (27%), borrowing (8%), and literal translation (8%). Cosmos oven manual text mostly used amplification technique. There are some additional words or information, paraphrasing, making the text explicit to make the translation clear and help target readers understand the text


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How to Cite

Indarti, D. (2021). Translation techniques of manual text. LADU: Journal of Languages and Education, 1(6), 231–237.