Readability Level Analysis and the Usage of Complex Words on Grade 8 Students’ Argumentative Essay


  • Lisana Rahmati Marzan Sekolah Cikal



writing, essay, readability level, complex words


Background: Writing as medium of communications has become the pivotal accomplishments of language learning objectives. It still becomes the challenging part especially for learners who come from non-English speaking country. Their hindrances to elaborate the sentences, lack vocabularies and use the right words in their essay make the essay difficult to understand.

Purpose: Therefore, the significance of the research is to identify the readability level of student’s essay written by grade eight learners under Cambridge curriculum.

Design and methods: This readability is to define which level of readers is suitable to read the text and who will understand it. Then, one of the elements in analyzing the level of readability is the number of complex words the texts. Therefore, there are about 13 students’ essays were examined using Flesh-Kincaid Ease Formula and SMOG index.

Results: The result found out the they have diverse readability level in between 7th grade to college level. By these results as well, it appears the number of complex words used in their essay which then being described of what kinds of complex sentences used in their essays.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Avilla, e. a. (2020). Readability Analysis of College Student’s Written. Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Bauske, K. (2021). Argumentative Essay: A Style Guide in Argumentative Writing. The Tutoring and Writing Centre. Retrieved from Rollins Edu:

EssayMin. (2019). Enhancing the readability of your assignments. Retrieved from EssayMin :

Halliday, C. M. (2004). An Introduction to functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold .

Kassow, N. A. (2013). Compound words and Complex Words in English. Retrieved from Academia:

Laughlin, G. H. (1969). SMOG Grading - A New Readability Formula. Journal of Reading.

Miller, R. (2017). What Is the Flesch Reading Ease Score? Retrieved from

Nordquist, R. (2019, June 22). ThoughtCo. Retrieved from Complex Words in English:

Nordquist, R. (2020, February 03). Definitions and Examples of Morpheme in English. Retrieved from ThoughtCo:

Thida, D. (2018). Lexical Density and Readability of Students’. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR).

Trim, J. (2011). Using CEFR: Principles of Good Practice. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press.

William Kodom Gyasi. (2011). An Analysis of the Readability of the Essays of First Year Students of Ghanaian Universities - The Case of University of Cape Coast. Language in India.




How to Cite

Marzan, L. R. . (2022). Readability Level Analysis and the Usage of Complex Words on Grade 8 Students’ Argumentative Essay. LADU: Journal of Languages and Education, 2(5), 169–175.