Applied, type and rational-using of code switching in Insecurity novel


  • Eldalani Ambanilah Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika
  • Arif Hidayat Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika
  • Yanti Rosalinah Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika



code switching, characters, dialogue, insecurity novel


Background: People often used the code in their daily conversation, spoken or written language, formal or informal. When people do code switching, it can make them become bilingual.

Purpose: The objective of this paper is to find out how many code switching are applied, types of code switching in dialog between the characters in Insecurity novel of Angelina Johnson included the reasons for using the code switching.

Design and methods: The method used in this analysis is qualitative descriptive method with the library and internet research. This analysis focused on analyzing the types of code switching based on the theory of Poplack and reasons for using code switching based on Hoffman theory.

Results: The results of analysis found the total in dialog that code switching occurs 141 data from chapter 1 to 19. Total 3 types of code switching, that most widely used is intra-sentential occurs 122 times, then inter-sentential 13 times, while tag switching occurs 6 times. And also found that only six reasons based on Hoffman theory by talking about particular topic found 47 times, quoting somebody else found 3 times, being empathic found 14 times, interjection found 6 times, repetition used for clarification found only once, while intention of clarifying found 14 times.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Khairunas, S. (2016). Code Switching And Code Mixing In My Stupid Boss Novel By CHAOS@WORK. Progressive, XI(2), 59–64.

Khairunas, S. (2017). Code-Switching in Tv Talk Show Program Entitled “Sarah Sechan” on Net Tv. Wanastra, XII(I), 38–46. Retrieved from

Saraswati, R., & Octavita, R. A. I. (2016). A Study of English Code-Switching in Indonesian Teen Magazine. DEIKSIS, 08(01), 39–47. Retrieved from

Wibowo, A. I., Yuniasih, I., & Nelfianti, F. (2017). Analysis of Types Code Switching and Code Mixing By the Sixth President of Republic Indonesia’S Speech at the National of Independence Day. Progressive, XII(2), 13–22. Retrieved from




How to Cite

Ambanilah, E., Hidayat, A., & Rosalinah, Y. (2021). Applied, type and rational-using of code switching in Insecurity novel. LADU: Journal of Languages and Education, 1(3), 123–131.